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UNIT II Strat Mgmt


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Columbia Southern University


· Insert strengths in a bulleted list. Make sure to provide a brief explanation of how each element affects the company.


· Insert weaknesses in a bulleted list. Make sure to provide a brief explanation of how each element affects the company.


· Insert opportunities in a bulleted list. Make sure to provide a brief explanation of how each element affects the company.


· Insert threats in a bulleted list. Make sure to provide a brief explanation of how each element affects the company.

You will begin your discussion of the SWOT analysis here. The length of your paper should be at least three pages (not including the title and reference pages). Be sure to address the questions listed in the assignment instructions as part of your response. Include references on a separate reference page.


Unit II Mini Project


SWOT Analysis

After reading the unit lesson, research a company of your choosing to create a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis. Please note the importance of picking a company with enough information and sources to support your analysis. Selecting a publicly held company is recommended. Your chosen company will be used throughout the assignments in this course. These assignments allow for a truly comprehensive business analysis, similar to what you would conduct when working for a major company.

Your analysis should identify the company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Use Microsoft Word and create four sections for your paper using the SWOT categories as your headings. Additional headers, such as an introduction, company background, and conclusion, are acceptable. Add a title page and references page. You may also use the provided template to complete the assignment. Click  


  for a copy of the template.

Each SWOT category should have approximately 200-300 words describing the issues and the company’s strategic philosophy that fall within that area. The total length should be at least three pages. The opportunities and threats should each have at least ten items identified.

Remember as you develop a SWOT that strengths and weaknesses are internal and controllable factors that affect only the individual firm (e.g., finances, marketing, management and leadership, research and development, corporate culture, human resources). Opportunities and threats, on the other hand, are external and uncontrollable factors that affect all industry firms (e.g., politics, economics, societal and cultural trends, technology, laws and regulations, and the natural environment, such as climate).

Format your SWOT Analysis using APA Style. Use your own words, and include citations and references as needed to avoid plagiarism. The title and reference page do not count towards the minimum page requirement of three pages.

MBA 5101, Strategic Management and Business Policy 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit II

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

1. Compare and contrast different strategic models.
1.1 Describe alignment of a company’s strategic philosophy with its SWOT elements.

2. Compare and contrast the integral functions of corporate governance.
2.1 Analyze a company or organization’s strategic philosophy.

4. Analyze the processes for formulating corporate strategy.
4.1 Analyze an organization’s strategic issues and market position.
4.2 Develop an organizational

SWOT analysis.

Reading Assignment

In order to access the following resources, click the links below:

Choose either the company you work for or another company that has easily accessible information; carefully
read the company or organizational literature on mission, goals, culture, short- and long-term strategic plans
and objectives, and all materials related to strategic planning issues.

College of Business – CSU. (2016, January 12). MBA5101 Unit II lesson video [Video]. YouTube.


Click here to access a transcript of the video.

College of Business – CSU. (2016, January 16). Dr. Phil Harris – SWOT analysis [Video]. YouTube.

Click here to access a transcript of the SWOT analysis video.

Beagrie, S. (2004). How to… conduct a SWOT analysis. Personnel Today, 21. https://search-proquest-

Unit Lesson

Environmental scanning is the very first phase of the strategic management model in which firms gather
all industry information, both internal and external. Firms gather this information through what is called a
SWOT analysis. SWOT is an acronym for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

Environmental Scanning
and SWOT Analysis







As we discussed previously, one of the board of
directors’ responsibilities is to approve the strategic
plan. The board tasks top management with this
process of creating the strategic plan, in which the
SWOT analysis is one of the first steps. Typically,
top management forms a strategic planning
committee in which members across the firm, such
as executive management and certain key
departmental members participate. Executive
management is responsible for the key to functional
areas of a firm: marketing, finance, human
resources, and production. (Note: Depending on the
size of the organization, additional compliance and
legal departments are also sometimes a part of
this list.)

Once comprised, the strategic planning committee
begins its work by conducting an environmental
scan that consists of both internal and external
elements. These elements will, in large part,

comprise the SWOT analysis. Not all members of the cross-functional strategic planning committee have
the same levels of expertise or exposure to the internal and external elements affecting the company.
However, the committee’s task is to combine all its team members’ varied expertise, vision, and knowledge
to create a comprehensive view of where the company is at that point in time, as well as where it wants to go
in the future.

Companies and organizations that have gained considerable experience from conducting this process
annually usually have formed very disciplined and efficient strategic planning committees. These
organizations, in turn, provide good and consistent credible information to become the basis of strategy
formulation. Each committee member recognizes the importance of his or her role in providing the
necessary and accurate information that will ultimately create the best competitive strategy the company can
hope to achieve.

The SWOT analysis is comprised of four sections (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats). Two of
these sections focus on the company’s internal environment, the other two focus on the company’s external
environment. The reason the cross-functional team on the strategic planning committee is so important is that
every member’s primary job function responsibility focuses on one or both of these areas. Using the
structured format of collecting the information through the environmental scanning process, committee
members have the perfect vehicle to share what they have seen affecting their area throughout the year and
how it may affect the company in subsequent years. In addition, through this systematic collection and
analysis of information, the company can determine if it uses, or has used its resources in the best manner to
exploit those opportunities.

The internal environment consists of strengths and weaknesses perceived or determined by the conducted
analysis. The company has the capacity and the ability to control both strengths and weaknesses. Weak or
poor leadership may prevent the firm from increasing its strengths. A strong culture may perpetuate a
weakness. In the end, the company has the responsibility to have the courage to accept its own internal
advice on the best ways it should move forward. The elements that make up the internal environment are
structure (chain of command), culture (beliefs, expectations, values), and resources (assets, skills,
competencies, knowledge).

The external environment consists of opportunities and threats. It is also important to note the company has
very little, or no ability to control opportunities and threats. In this case, the firm must be as prepared as
possible to take advantage or to mitigate either situation. So, the key for the best way in which to engage
opportunities and threats is to ensure the capacity of the firm is prepared accordingly. The elements that
make up the external environment are natural environment (resources and climate), societal environment
(general forces), and task environment (industry analysis).

In many instances, marketing takes the lead in sharing with the committee the information it has collected
about the company’s current competitive position in the marketplace. Typically, all of the SWOT elements are

SWOT analysis.



listed. From this initial shortlist, the other key cross-functional areas can begin to add to the analysis
according to their capability. Often, much overlap and intense discussion exists about the information brought
forward by these groups, their perception of the environment, and ultimately the information’s usefulness to
the analysis. Those organizations with strong, disciplined leadership in this area see these kinds of intense
discussions as a positive, distinctive competency for the company, as well as for its continued growth and
development. Less skilled or disciplined companies will sometimes see this activity as a threat that requires
careful and tight guidance. The latter approach defeats the purpose of the SWOT analysis, which is to
perform a careful self-inspection of the company.

The marketing department, in its view of the internal and external environment, may see its message as a
strength for the company. Marketing may also see the company’s customer service as a weakness, making
the firm less competitive. The production people may counter with the argument that marketing makes claims
about the product that it cannot sustain, causing unhappy customers. Similarly, production may agree with
marketing, but say it fails in its customer service because it has too few staff to adequately respond to its
growing number of customers. This scenario would mean the finance and human resource departments
would then need to join in and further explore these claims. The human resource department may defend its
level of permissible hiring by showing evidence of how it stays within the appropriate hiring ratios mandated
by top management. The finance group may show evidence of productivity performance ratios that support
one of the other department’s claims. All these discussions happen repeatedly as each new environmentally
scanned input is discussed by the committee before becoming a part of the final SWOT analysis.

Out of this discussion comes a clearer communication and appreciation between the cross-functional
members of the committee. From this improved level of communication, unexplored opportunities previously
overlooked may present themselves. Conversely, new target market sectors that were once thought to be
highly desirable for exploitation may actually have an excessive compliance price tag, rendering them not
profitable or desirable at all.

Finally, the committee needs to sort out the elements of the SWOT analysis and properly place them in their
respective categories. During this part of the process, the committee will look for redundancy. The committee
also looks for improperly labeled category elements. For example, a weakness labeled as a threat is
something the company can control if it musters the will to do so. SWOT committees must carefully scrutinize
opportunities because most have an economic impact on the company requiring significant resources to take
advantage of the proposed opportunity.

A SWOT committee must also carefully scrutinize strengths. The committee must remind itself the SWOT
analysis process is a critical self-inspection of the company. The analysis is not another feel-good marketing
communication about what the firm does well. A committee must carefully adhere to the criteria for the
company strength. A committee must recognize real company strengths and distinctive competencies are not
all that numerous in a firm. If the committee finds itself with a very long list of strengths compared to a very
short list of weaknesses, the company must inspect very carefully the imbalance.

Companies can go through an extensive SWOT analysis along with other forms of internal and external
reviews. In the case of some companies, such as Amazon.com, the process of kaizen was used to expand
the development of improvements throughout the company. Kaizen is a Japanese term meaning to improve a
process or continuous improvement. The goal is to have multiple layers of people in an organization
contribute to the efficiency of the company.

In the case of Amazon.com, Dr. Pete Trzop created one of the most successful kaizens relating to the review
and changes of environmental related processes, energy use, and best practices for conservation of
resources. Dr. Trzop developed EARTH kaizens in the Campbellsville, Kentucky site and quickly expanded
into the Green Amazon.com program. This program went through a name change after Dr. Trzop left the
company to become the Amazon.com Green program.

Members of each facility performed the EARTH kaizens in the global network of Amazon.com with the focus
on how to make process improvements and changes to save monies and resources aligned with becoming a
more environmentally friendly company. The program had participants of multiple layers of workers,
associates, and managers. Dr. Trzop designed the Green Amazon.com program to make an environmental
change to the company, but made from a business bottom line, financial decision. By the end of the 2000s,
they considered EARTH kaizens one of the best kaizens in the history of the company.



During the time of analysis, the members of the committee concurrently gather information from their
respective areas across the company to provide input on the creation of the SWOT analysis. Once the
committee collects, compiles, reviews, and finalizes its report, the committee meets with top management for
yet another careful scrutiny of the SWOT analysis. Top management will review it with the focus on ensuring
that the committee has left out nothing relevant or important. Management will also look for anything
redundant or nonessential. This part of the process is very important because the completed SWOT analysis
will become the foundation for the next step in the strategic planning process, which is strategy formulation.

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