Prepare an outline for debate
Topic:Russian Aggression in Ukraine
#4: Creating the Affirmative Case
The California State Board of Education must uphold mask mandates to prevent
the spread of Covid-19 among staff and students at California K-12 public
After a long debate between health officials, the board of education, and parents,
California has decided to lift its mask mandates in public schools.
a) Unvaccinated exposure- Unvaccinated staff or students could expose
themselves or others to Covid
b) Unprotected immunocompromised- Immunocompromised staff and
students would not be protected against others who may carry the virus,
resulting in more extreme symptoms.
a) School Shutdowns- Covid will spread rapidly among staff and students
causing future shutdowns at schools
b) Risk of Hospitalization and Death- Immunocompromised staff and
students could be at greater risk of hospitalization or death.
5. Plan: See proposition
a) Reduced Transmission Rates- Vaccinated and unvaccinated will continue
wearing masks, reducing transmission rates of covid
b) Protection from masks- Immunocompromised staff and students will be
protected by others wearing masks.
a) Other illnesses spread slowed- cases of other illnesses commonly spread
in school, like the flu, can be prevented
b) Teaches good practice- Students can learn how to protect themselves
from getting sick in the future by knowing how to social distance, wear a
mask, wash hands, etc.
#5: Creating the Negative Response:
1. Opposition to affirmative plan: The California State Board of Education must
uphold mask mandates only for unvaccinated and/or immune-compromised
persons in schools.
2. Context: Although mask mandates are starting to be lifted and the threat of
COVID is still present, it is important to make an effort to return K-12 education
back to an optimal learning environment without masks.
a) The continued spread of covid-19- if masks were completely taken out of
schools, covid would continue spreading, including both the
unvaccinated/immunocompromised and break through cases of the
b) Lack of Social Skills- masks get in the way of kids socializing and
recognising cues from others.
a) If no plans happen- School shutdowns and risk of hospitalization/death,
especially for those that are unvaccinated and/or immunocompromised
b) If the affirmative plan happens- the learning environment will remain less
than optimal due to the barriers the masks pose to communication and
5. Counterplan: see opposition to affirmative plan
a) Unvaccinated/Immunocompromised wear masks-Those who are
unvaccinated will still have to wear a mask in order to prevent the spread
of COVID to those with an increased chance of hospitalization and death.
b) Better Socialization for kids- Unlike masking everyone in schools, most
kids will be able to go about their school day as normal, and be able to
interact fully with others without masks in the way
a) Unvaccinated/immunocompromised protected- the unvaccinated and the
immunocompromised will still have protection against COVID through the
use of wearing a mask.
b) Socialization- normal interaction will be prioritized in K-12 education with
the counter plan
Student Learning Objectives:
● Students will prepare outlines for the debate topics which they did not
write about in their debate brief.
● Working with your debate partner, students will prepare basic debate
outlines for the other debate topics. For example, if one student wrote
about COVID-19 Mask Mandates and the other student in the partnership
wrote about Censorship in School for their debate briefs, then the partners
would prepare debate outlines for the Ukraine and Judge Ketanji
Brown-Jackson SCOTUS Nomination topics.
● The debate outlines for this assignment should include all of the stock
issues for debate. Here is a basic debate outline:
1. Harm 1:
2. Harm 2:
3. Inherency 1:
4. Inherency 2:
2. Solvency 1:
3. Solvency 2:
4. Advantage 1:
5. Advantage 2:
● It would be to the benefit of the student if they also included pieces of
evidence with the document. Keep in mind, the more prepared you are
now will benefit you later in the assignment.
● Each of the partners should upload both debate outlines to this
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