ashworth college SP180 online exam 1 latest 2013 augustPart 1 of 1 – 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0 PointsPublic speaking has been formally studied since:A. the 5th century.B. the 20th century.C. recently.D. communication courses were offered at universities.Question 2 of 205.0 PointsEarly study of public speaking was known as:A. public communication.B. rhetoric.C. public relations.D. communication study.Question 3 of 205.0 PointsAccording to Aristotle, ethos refers to:A. emotions.B. logic.C. ethics.D. none of the above.Question 4 of 205.0 PointsContemporary communication studies now refer to public speaking as a form of __________ communication.A. groupB. organizationalC. publicD. interpersonalQuestion 5 of 205.0 PointsPresident Obama addressing the recent graduates in a commencement exercise is an example of __________ communication.A. groupB. massC. interpersonalD. publicQuestion 6 of 205.0 PointsFor communication to take place, there has to be:A. transmission of the message.B. medium.C. sharing of meaning.D. absence of noise.Question 7 of 205.0 PointsWhich is NOT a benefit of studying public speaking?A. Creates good first impression on othersB. Communicates competenceC. Proves our expertiseD. Develops our ability to communicate ideas and message clearly and with impactQuestion 8 of 205.0 PointsCommunicating effectively helps us to succeed in areas of:A. work.B. relationships.C. personal goals.D. All of the aboveQuestion 9 of 205.0 PointsIn a world of ____________, communication skills help us to interact with people whose backgrounds are different from our own.A. careersB. diversityC. technologyD. personal relationshipsQuestion 10 of 205.0 Points___________ focus on how people use messages to influence each other in various contexts and cultures, using a variety of media.A. Public speakersB. Radio personalitiesC. Motivational speakersD. Communication researchersQuestion 11 of 205.0 PointsWhen preparing an outline for a speech, which of the below is NOT a part of the speech outline?A. IntroductionB. ConclusionC. Personal StoryD. BodyQuestion 12 of 205.0 PointsMedium that carries message signals from senders to receivers of communication is:A. television.B. radio.C. channel.D. mass media.Question 13 of 205.0 PointsEssential elements of a communication model include all of the following EXCEPT:A. sender and message.B. receiver and channel.C. feedback.D. caller, answerer, and sales pitch.Question 14 of 205.0 PointsEarly theories of communication viewed public speaking as:A. a one-way transmission of messages.B. a two-way transmission of messages.C. only possible through a medium.D. an any which way transmission of messages.Question 15 of 205.0 PointsNoise caused by not understanding somebody’s accent is considered:A. external.B. semantic.C. internal.D. temporal.Question 16 of 205.0 PointsClapping from the audience is considered in communication as:A. noise.B. interference.C. feedback.D. reception.Question 17 of 205.0 PointsBeing the last of a long line of speakers refers to __________ context.A. sociopsychologicalB. physicalC. culturalD. temporalQuestion 18 of 205.0 PointsThe speaker is the ____________ of the message.A. decoderB. encoderC. transmitterD. channelQuestion 19 of 205.0 PointsA big ethical issue in any form of communication is:A. discussing politics.B. irrelevance.C. plagiarism.D. referring to different races.Question 20 of 205.0 PointsGlassophobia is known as the fear of:A. glasses.B. standing in front of people.C. public speaking.D. saying something.ashworth college SP180 online exam 2 latest 2013 augustPart 1 of 1 – 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0 PointsListening is as important as this in the communication process.A. ReceivingB. RememberingC. Eye contact without blinkingD. TalkingQuestion 2 of 205.0 PointsAdults spend about 70 percent of their waking time communicating, of which _______ percent is spent listening.A. 25B. 45C. 23D. 13.3Question 3 of 205.0 PointsThis type of listening is usually needed when we need to make a critical decision about something.A. Discriminative listeningB. Critical listeningC. Emphatic listeningD. Pleasurable listeningQuestion 4 of 205.0 PointsThis step in listening involves assigning meanings to sounds according to one’s own values, beliefs, and personal history, among others.A. RememberingB. EvaluatingC. RespondingD. DecodingQuestion 5 of 205.0 PointsWe listen this way when we listen “between the lines” to understand the speaker.A. Critical listeningB. Pleasurable listeningC. Emphatic listeningD. Discriminative listeningQuestion 6 of 205.0 PointsInterpreting during the listening process is the same as:A. encoding.B. receiving.C. decoding.D. responding.Question 7 of 205.0 PointsWhen we are bombarded with messages from various sources, this creates a situational obstacle called:A. environmental distractions.B. feedback.C. complex messages.D. message overload.Question 8 of 205.0 PointsA type of selective listening that tunes out communication that is different from our views or does not interest us is selective:A. perception.B. focusing.C. screening.D. responding.Question 9 of 205.0 PointsThis type of ineffective listening happens when one appears to be listening but whose mind is somewhere else.A. Selective listeningB. MonopolizingC. InterruptingD. PseudolisteningQuestion 10 of 205.0 PointsIf your listening preference is to “cut to the chase” by getting to the point quickly, then you are a(n) __________ listener.A. time-orientedB. action-orientedC. content-orientedD. people-orientedQuestion 11 of 205.0 PointsAre you open to hearing speakers discuss emotional topics? This would make you a(n) __________ listener.A. time-orientedB. action-orientedC. content-orientedD. people-orientedQuestion 12 of 205.0 PointsSpeech criticism is a simpler form of:A. speech evaluation.B. rhetorical criticism.C. panel judging.D. communication process.Question 13 of 205.0 PointsYou are evaluating this when you are looking for a clear, compelling message.A. Use of quotesB. StructureC. Length of speechD. Speaker commitment to subjectQuestion 14 of 205.0 PointsWhen you are evaluating this, you look for words that are clear, appropriate, interesting, and vivid with imagery.A. StructureB. LanguageC. SubstanceD. EthicsQuestion 15 of 205.0 PointsIn any speech criticism, it is always important to do this first.A. See the speech objectively.B. Look at the behavior not the motivation.C. Point out the positive.D. Be specific.Question 16 of 205.0 PointsThis type of responsibility involves being aware of the consequences of what you speak about and how you say it.A. Thinking responsibilityB. Criticizing responsibilityC. Ethical responsibilityD. Evaluating responsiblyQuestion 17 of 205.0 PointsConstructive criticism means:A. you only talk about the positive.B. you criticize honestly.C. your goal is to help speaker improve.D. you criticize for its own sake.Question 18 of 205.0 PointsSpeech delivery is concerned with:A. presenting the message to the audience.B. delivering the speech to the speaker.C. writing the speech to be delivered.D. brainstorming ideas.Question 19 of 205.0 PointsEvaluating a speech for vocal variety, gestures, and nonverbal tools is a factor of:A. language.B. style.C. presentation.D. overall speech.Question 20 of 205.0 PointsStudying and analyzing others’ speeches help us to be better:A. speakers.B. listeners.C. critical thinkers.D. All of the aboveashworth college SP180 online exam 3 latest 2013 augustPart 1 of 1 – 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0 PointsWhen deciding on the topic, it is important to consider:A. your audience and which topic would interest them.B. a topic that is new and unfamiliar to you.C. a topic that is interesting to you and that you would like to learn about.D. anything that is easy to write.Question 2 of 205.0 PointsThe central idea is also referred to as the:A. main point.B. supporting material.C. thesis.D. specific purpose.Question 3 of 205.0 PointsThe purpose of a speech includes any of the following EXCEPT:A. to inform.B. to persuade.C. to entertain.D. to confuse.Question 4 of 205.0 PointsYour central idea is a statement that captures in a single sentence:A. the essence of your speech.B. your general purpose.C. your specific purpose.D. your topic.Question 5 of 205.0 PointsIn choosing a topic for your first speech, it is wise to:A. ask advice from others.B. start with what you know.C. research first.D. study others’ speeches.Question 6 of 205.0 PointsWhen your speech adds to your listeners’ knowledge, it is meant to:A. inform.B. persuade.C. entertain.D. celebrate.Question 7 of 205.0 PointsWhen a speech attempts to influence the audience s beliefs, attitudes, and opinions about something, it is generally meant to:A. inform.B. persuade.C. entertain.D. celebrate.Question 8 of 205.0 PointsEffective public speaking is:A. audience-centered.B. message-centered.C. speaker-centered.D. channel-centered.Question 9 of 205.0 PointsDemographics is important to know your:A. speech.B. topic.C. audience.D. location of speaking event.Question 10 of 205.0 PointsAge, gender, education, and sociocultural backgrounds are characteristics of:A. psychographics.B. demographics.C. the speaker’s profile.D. audience response to the speech.Question 11 of 205.0 PointsWhen speaking about the topic of retirement planning, the most important thing to consider when analyzing your audience is:A. attitude.B. religion.C. age.D. gender.Question 12 of 205.0 PointsWhich of the following is a demographic characteristic of an audience?A. SizeB. LifestyleC. GenderD. ValuesQuestion 13 of 205.0 PointsWhen speaking about the awareness of breast cancer, the most important thing to consider when analyzing your audience is:A. beliefs.B. religion.C. age.D. gender.Question 14 of 205.0 PointsAttitudes, beliefs, values, and motivation are characteristics of:A. psychographics.B. demographics.C. the speaker’s profile.D. the audience’s response to the speech.Question 15 of 205.0 PointsNicole was asked to speak to the French Club about her trip to Northern France. She knew her audience would be made up of high school students learning the language and culture of France. Nicole identified her audience:A. profile.B. psychographics.C. demographics.D. background.Question 16 of 205.0 PointsJames began his speech about young people who lost their lives by NOT wearing seatbelts. Which level of needs in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is he addressing?A. Esteem needsB. Belongingness and loveC. Physiological needsD. Safety needsQuestion 17 of 205.0 PointsA speaker talking about the benefits of cosmetic surgery to an audience primarily of women is appealing to which level of needs in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs?A. Physiological needsB. Esteem needsC. Belongingness and loveD. Safety needsQuestion 18 of 205.0 PointsEvaluating audience feedback to your speech presentation usually happens:A. before the speech.B. after the speech.C. during the speech.D. in the speech preparation.Question 19 of 205.0 PointsPhysical context or setting of the speech may refer to:A. timing.B. length of the speech.C. location of speaking event.D. topic.Question 20 of 205.0 PointsWhat drives the audience to want to listen to someone speak is called:A. behavior.B. attitude.C. value.D. motivation.ashworth college SP180 online exam 4 latest 2013 augustQuestion 1 of 205.0 PointsWhen a speaker seeks to explain or illustrate a process, she or he is probably speaking to:A. inform.B. persuade.C. entertain.D. celebrate.Question 2 of 205.0 PointsWhen the theme of a speech is, “Be all you can be. Join the Navy,” it is meant to:A. entertain.B. inform.C. celebrate.D. persuade.Question 3 of 205.0 PointsA purpose is to have any of the following EXCEPT:A. an objective.B. a goal.C. an intention.D. a bad dream.Question 4 of 205.0 PointsOne of the primary jobs of an informative speech is to:A. appeal to the emotions of the audience.B. ask them to do something with the information.C. communicate information accurately and clearly.D. entertain the audience.Question 5 of 205.0 PointsPatrick Henry’s famous speech carries the theme “give me liberty or give me death.” This is a speech about:A. events.B. processes.C. concepts.D. objects.Question 6 of 205.0 PointsWhen Elizabeth made a speech presentation demonstrating how to create an effective PowerPoint Presentation, her speech is about:A. events.B. processes.C. concepts.D. objects.Question 7 of 205.0 PointsWhen speaking about abstract concepts, make them concrete to the audience by:A. defining, describing, illustrating.B. using jargon.C. knowing their level of understanding.D. none of the above.Question 8 of 205.0 PointsWhich of the following is NOT true about persuasive speaking compared to informative speaking?A. Involves more emotional appeal.B. Asks for commitment from the audience.C. Impartial point of view.D. Emotion-evoking language.Question 9 of 205.0 PointsCredibility in Public Speaking is what Aristotle refers to as:A. ethos.B. pathos.C. logos.D. mythos.Question 10 of 205.0 PointsDr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech is an example of a(n) __________ speech.A. informativeB. persuasiveC. commemorativeD. entertainingQuestion 11 of 205.0 PointsThe three Ps of persuasive speech address the issues of:A. plus, minus, plan.B. persons, people, perfection.C. problem, plan, practicality.D. purpose, people, plans.Question 12 of 205.0 Points“To persuade my audience that drinking and driving laws should be stricter” aims for:A. passive agreement with a policy.B. active agreement with a policy.C. personal action to support a policy.D. personal agreement to support a policy.Question 13 of 205.0 Points“To persuade my classmates that cheating in an exam is just as wrong as plagiarism” is a:A. question of fact.B. question of policy.C. question of value.D. question of guessing.Question 14 of 205.0 PointsThe process of changing people’s beliefs or actions is called:A. public relations.B. public speaking.C. persuasion.D. public communication.Question 15 of 205.0 PointsIn persuasive speaking, the speaker is:A. a teacher.B. an adviser.C. a leader.D. an actor.Question 16 of 205.0 PointsIn public speaking, the process of drawing a conclusion based on evidence is called:A. estimating.B. research.C. concluding.D. reasoning.Question 17 of 205.0 PointsWhen asked to speak to celebrate your best friend’s wedding, your speech should be:A. dedication.B. toast.C. roast.D. commemoration.Question 18 of 205.0 PointsWhen President Obama spoke at the 2009 graduation ceremony at the University of Notre Dame, he delivered a:A. commemorative speech.B. dedication speech.C. commencement speech.D. toast to the graduates.Question 19 of 205.0 PointsSpeeches of tribute are intended to do all of the following EXCEPT:A. express feelings.B. inspire the audience.C. arouse sentiments.D. describe an object.Question 20 of 205.0 PointsThis type of speech should be relatively brief.A. IntroductionB. PresentationC. AcceptanceD. Commencementashworth college SP180 online exam 8 latest 2013 augustPart 1 of 1 – 100.0 PointsQuestion 1 of 205.0 PointsWhich type of speech delivery is one that you are asked to deliver with little or no preparation?A. ExtemporaneousB. ManuscriptC. ImpromptuD. MemorizedQuestion 2 of 205.0 PointsAn effective speech delivery has all of the following qualities EXCEPT:A. speaker delivers message with impact.B. it is a result of the speaker’s natural talent and gift.C. influences audience to act or think favorably toward message.D. meets audience expectations.Question 3 of 205.0 PointsOne thing both Dr. Martin Luther King and President Kennedy possess that mark them as great public speakers is:A. speaking style.B. eloquence.C. honesty.D. the same tone.Question 4 of 205.0 PointsThe disadvantage of which type of speech delivery is that it does NOT sound spontaneous.A. Extemporaneous deliveryB. Manuscript deliveryC. Impromptu deliveryD. Memorized deliveryQuestion 5 of 205.0 PointsNonverbal communication includes:A. posture.B. clapping.C. eye contact.D. All of the above.Question 6 of 205.0 PointsVerbal communication refers mainly to:A. vocal quality.B. pitch.C. use of words.D. tone.Question 7 of 205.0 PointsVocal quality may refer to voices that may be:A. rich.B. resonant.C. thin.D. All of the above.Question 8 of 205.0 PointsAll of the following are helpful techniques in effective speech delivery EXCEPT:A. pauses.B. voice inflection.C. filler words.D. projection.Question 9 of 205.0 PointsHand gestures help emphasize a point except when they are:A. appropriate.B. natural.C. excessive.D. expressive.Question 10 of 205.0 PointsWhat nonverbal communication technique usually communicates best your honesty about your message?A. Good postureB. Body movementC. Eye contactD. Hand gesturesQuestion 11 of 205.0 PointsEffective speech delivery entails practice:A. at least a couple of times.B. as many times as necessary to feel confident.C. only until your timing is right.D. only in front of people.Question 12 of 205.0 PointsSaying “gonna” instead of “going to” is an issue of:A. body movement.B. eye contact.C. articulation.D. timing.Question 13 of 205.0 PointsWhat technique in speech delivery has been shown to connect the speakers to audiences with various styles of receiving messages?A. GesturesB. Use of visual aidsC. SongD. StorytellingQuestion 14 of 205.0 PointsTo avoid speaking in monotone, a strategy to use can include:A. changing pitch and tone of voice.B. voice inflection.C. varying rate and pace of speaking.D. All of the aboveQuestion 15 of 205.0 PointsWhich nonverbal consideration creates immediate impressions among your audience?A. Facial impressionsB. Physical appearanceC. Eye contactD. Body movementQuestion 16 of 205.0 PointsWhat type of visual aid is showing the actual thing being discussed?A. PhotographB. GraphC. ObjectD. VideotapeQuestion 17 of 205.0 PointsThe movement and audio-visual elements of which type of visual aid capture audience attention?A. FilmB. VideotapeC. MultimediaD. All of the aboveQuestion 18 of 205.0 PointsWhat type of visual aid is effective in showing comparisons between two or more items?A. MapsB. IllustrationsC. GraphsD. ChartsQuestion 19 of 205.0 PointsAll of the following are reasons that visual aids are useful in speech delivery EXCEPT:A. they demonstrate something.B. their presence allows the speaker to take a rest from talking.C. they expand understanding.D. they add interest to a speech.Question 20 of 205.0 PointsWhat are very credible types of visual aids because they are true representations of evidence?A. IllustrationsB. DiagramsC. PhotographsD. PowerPoint presentations
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